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VT-20 - 1944
Provided by John Gabbard
VT-20 Vultures - 1945
VA-95 SPAD driver
VA-95 Skyknights - 1961
VA-95 Green Lizards - 1972
VA-95 Clean Sweep - 1988
March 21, 1944, Torpedo Squadron TWENTY created the Vulture patch.
Vulture patch had a light blue background with an inner circle of white and a black outer circle. The Vulture was pearl gray with white highlights and outlined in black; leg and ruff of feathers around the neck were white with blue markings; head, neck and feet a drab yellow; the beak was black. The torpedo was shades of gray with a white, black and yellow streak and was outlined in black. The torpedo nose was black with blue and white streaks emanating from the nose.
January 16, 1957, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE Skyknights created a Knight's Helmet patch.
Harry S. Gann
Thomas M. Tye
1944 - 1946, - Vultures.
1957 - 1963, - Skyknights.
1963 - 1970, - Green Lizards.
1972 - present, - Green Lizards.
October 15, 1943, Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20) established.
November 15, 1946, VT-20 redesignated Attack Squadron TEN A (VA-10A).
August 12, 1948 VA-10A redesignated Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95).
November 30, 1949, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE disestablished.
March 26, 1952, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95) established.
April 1, 1970, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE disestablished.
April 1,1972, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95) established.
October 15, 1943 - - - - - - - Naval Air Station San Diego
April 21, 1944 - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Barbers Point *
June 17, 1944- - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Puunene *
February 23, 1945- - - - - - - Naval Air Station San Diego
April 16, 1945 - - - - - - - - Naval Auxiliary Air Facility Lewiston
June 1945- - - - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Edenton
November 2, 1945 - - - - - - - Naval Auxiliary Air Station Elizabeth City
March 21, 1946 - - - - - - - - Naval Auxiliary Air Station Charlestown
March 26, 1952 - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Alameda
March 8, 1962- - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Moffett Field
April 1, 1963- - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Lemoore
August 4, 1968 - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Alameda
April 1, 1972- - - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Whidbey Island
* Temporary shore assignment while the squadron conducted training in preparation for combat deployment.
November 1943 - - - - - - - - Grumman TBF-1/TBM-1 Avenger
February 1944 - - - - - - - - Grumman TBM-1C Avenger
July 1945 - - - - - - - - - - Grumman TBM-3E Avenger
August 1949 - - - - - - - - - Douglas AD-1 Skyraider
April 1952- - - - - - - - - - Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat
May 1952- - - - - - - - - - - Douglas AD-1 Skyraider
July 1952 - - - - - - - - - - Douglas AD-4NA Skyraider
September 1952- - - - - - - - Douglas AD-4 Skyraider
October 1952- - - - - - - - - Douglas AD-4L Skyraider
October 1953- - - - - - - - - Douglas AD-6 (A-1H) Skyraider *
September 1956- - - - - - - - Douglas AD-7 (A-1J) Skyraider *
July 1965 - - - - - - - - - - Douglas A4D-2N (A-4C) Skyhawk *
December 1965 - - - - - - - - Douglas A4D-2 (A-4B) Skyhawk *
September 1968- - - - - - - - Douglas A-4C Skyhawk
1972- - - - - - - - - - - - - Grumman A-6A Intruder **
1972- - - - - - - - - - - - - Grumman A-6B Intruder †
1972- - - - - - - - - - - - - Grumman KA-6D Intruder ††
1976- - - - - - - - - - - - - Grumman A-6E Intruder
* November 30, 1962
The AD-6 designations was changed to A-1H
The AD-7 designations was changed to A-1J
The A4D-2 designations was changed to A-4B
The A4D-2N designations was changed A-4C
** The squadron received their first A-6A Intruders sometime between April and June 1972.
† The squadron received their first A-6B and KA-6Ds sometime between October and December 1972.
For A-4 Skyhawk aircraft assigned to this unit see lower in this page:
Date - - - - - - - - - - - - Tail code - - - - - - - Air Wing
October 15, 1943 - - - - - PS/D† - - - - - CVG-20/CVAG-9CVG-9*
March 26, 1952 - - - - - - N/NG**- - - - - CVG-9/CVW-9†
October 2, 1965- - - - - - - - - - - - - - COMFAIRALAMEDA
February 1, 1966- - - - - - AK - - - - - - CVW-10
October 1967- - - - - - - - AJ - - - - - - CVW-8
August 26, 1968- - - - - - - - - - - - - - COMFAIRALAMEDA
February 1969 - - - - - - - AB - - - - - - CVW-1
March 2, 1970- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - COMFAIRALAMEDA
1972- - - - - - - - - - - - NL - - - - - - CVW-15
July 1, 1978- - - - - - - - NH - - - - - - CVW-11
* Established as CVG-20 on October 15, 1943. Redesignated CVAG-9 on November 15, 1946. CVAG-9 redesignated CVG-9 on September 1, 1948. CVG-9 was disestablished on December 1, 1949.
** The tail code was changed from N to NG in 1957. The effective date for this change was July 1,1957.
† The tail code PS was assigned to United States Ship Philippine Sea CV 47 and CVG-9 in 1946. In 1948 the tail code for CVG-9 was changed to D.
†† CVG-9 was redesignated CVW-9 when Carrier Air Group (CVG) designations were redesignated Carrier Air Wings (CVW) on December 20, 1963.
08-16-44 to 11-23-44 - CVG-20 - CV 6* -- TBM-1C - Pacific
11-23-44 to 02-02-45 - CVG-20 - CV 16† - TBM-1C - Pacific
02-09-48 to 06-26-48 - CVAG-9 - CV 47 -- TBM-3E - Carib/Mediterranean
12-15-52 to 08-14-53 - CVG-9 -- CVA 47 - AD-4/L/NA - Korea
05-11-54 to 12-12-54 - CVG-9 -- CVA 12 - AD-6 - World Cruise
02-11-56 to 06-13-56 - CVG-9 -- CVA 34 - AD-6 - WestPac
09-16-57 to 04-25-58 - CVG-9 -- CVA 14 - AD-7 - WestPac
02-06-60 to 08-30-60 - CVG-9 -- CVA 61 - AD-7 - WestPac
08-11-61 to 03-08-62 - CVG-9 -- CVA 61 - AD-7 - WestPac
11-09-62 to 06-14-63 - CVG-9 -- CVA 61 - AD-6/7 - WestPac
08-05-64 to 05-06-65 - CVW-9 -- CVA 61 - A-1H/J - WestPac/Vietnam
04-04-66 to 11-21-66 - CVW-10 - CVS 11 - A-4B - WestPac/Vietnam
11-15-67 to 08-04-68 - CVW-8 -- CVA 38 - A-4B - Mediterranean
04-05-69 to 12-21-69 - CVW-1 -- CVA 67 - A-4C - Mediterranean
04-09-73 to 11-08-73 - CVW-15 - CVA 43 - A-6A/B, KA-6D - WestPac
12-05-74 to 07-02-75 - CVW-15 - CVA 43 - A-6A, KA-6D - WestPac
02-15-77 to 10-05-77 - CVW-15 - CV 43 -- A-6E, KA-6D - WestPac
03-13-79 to 09-22-79 - CVW-11 - CV 66 -- A-6E, KA-6D - Mediterranean
04-14-81 to 11-12-81 - CVW-11 - CV 66 -- A-6E, KA-6D - Mediterranean/IO
09-01-82 to 04-28-83 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - NorPac/WestPac/IO
05-30-84 to 12-20-84 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - WestPac/IO
01-15-86 to 08-12-86 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - World Cruise
10-25-87 to 11-24-87 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - NorPac
01-05-88 to 07-03-88 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - WestPac/IO
09-17-89 to 03-16-90 - CVW-11 - CVN 65 - A-6E, KA-6D - World Cruise
09-25-90 to 11-20-90 - CVW-11 - CVN 72 - A-6E, KA-6D - East Coast to West Coast cruise via Cape Horn
* November 20, 1944, Torpedo Squadron TWENTY cross-decked from United States Ship Enterprise CV 6, to United States Ship Lexington CV 16, and remained deployed in the pacific war.
Date Assumed Command - - - - - - - Commanding Officer
October 1943 - LCDR David E. Dressendorfer
December 1943- LCDR Samuel L. Prickett
1945 - - - - - LCDR James N. Howell, Jr.
1947 - - - - - LCDR J. J. Maechtlen
1949 - - - - - LCDR Charles C. Ainsworth
1952 - - - - - LCDR Samuel B. Berrey
1953 - - - - - LT L. Wilson (acting)
1953 - - - - - CDR David L. Berrey
1954 - - - - - CDR John C. Allman
1955 - - - - - CDR Donald L. Irgens
1956 - - - - - CDR Martin J. Stack
1958 - - - - - CDR F. L. Brady
1958 - - - - - CDR Rollin E. Gray, Jr.
1959 - - - - - CDR Carl Weisse
1960 - - - - - CDR R. R. Renaldi
1961 - - - - - CDR Stanley F. Abele
1962 - - - - - CDR H. G. Silliman
1963 - - - - - CDR Harold J. Zenner
1964 - - - - - CDR Dwight E. DeCamp
1965 - - - - - CDR G. E. Jacobssen, Jr.
1966 - - - - - CDR F. E. O'Connor, Jr.
1967 - - - - - CDR W. E. Ohlrich, Jr.
1968 - - - - - CDR M. A. Benero, Jr.
1969 - - - - - CDR J. K. Hassett
1972 - - - - - CDR G. E. Wales
1973 - - - - - CDR W. D. Zirbel
1974 - - - - - CDR Van F. Westfall
1974 - - - - - CDR Jerry W. Rogers
1976 - - - - - CDR Robert M. McEwen
1978 - - - - - CDR Ken G. Craig
1979 - - - - - CDR Richard J. Toft
1980 - - - - - CDR Patrick C. Hauert
1981 - - - - - CDR Richard C. Wolter
1983 - - - - - CDR Raymond T. Wojcik
1984 - - - - - CDR John S. McMahon, Jr.
1986 - - - - - CDR Jeremy C. Rosenberg
1987 - - - - - CDR William H. Miller
1988 - - - - - CDR John F. Schork
1990 - - - - - CDR John R. Worthington
31 Aug 1944 to 18 Sep 1944
10 Oct 1944 to 22 Nov 1944
14 Dec 1944 to 16 Dec 1944
03 Jan 1945 to 22 Jan 1945
Campaign Medal (Asiatic-Pacific):
31 Aug 1944 to 18 Sep 1944
10 Oct 1944 to 22 Nov 1944
14 Dec 1944 to 16 Dec 1944
03 Jan 1945 to 22 Jan 1945
25 Jan 1953 to 27 Jul 1953
31 Jan 1953 to 27 Jul 1953
19 Sep 1964 to 20 Sep 1964
01 Oct 1964 to 09 Oct 1964
28 Nov 1964 to 30 Dec 1964
17 Jan 1965 to 17 Mar 1965
04 Apr 1965 to 13 Apr 1965
15 May 1966 to 15 Jun 1966
08 Jul 1966 to 10 Aug 1966
01 Sep 1966 to 23 Sep 1966
02 Oct 1966 to 18 Oct 1966
29 Apr 1975 to 30 Apr 1975
15 May 1975
15 Feb 1988 to 09 Mar 1988
25 Mar 1988 to 19 Apr 1988
29 Apr 1975 to 30 Apr 1975
23 Oct 1982
18 Apr 1988 to 19 Apr 1988
01 Jul 1980 to 31 Dec 1981
01 Jan 1988 to 31 Dec 1988
01 Jan 1990 to 31 Dec 1990
22 Apr 1975 to 30 Apr 1975
15 May 1975
15 Feb 1988 to 21 May 1988
09 May 1981 to 18 Oct 1981
30 Apr 1986 to 27 Jun 1986
October 15, 1943: Torpedo Squadron TWENTY (VT-20) established at Naval Air Station San Diego, California.
November 1943: Torpedo Squadron TWENTY Vultures were assigned the TBF-1/TBM-1 Grumman Avenger.
August 16, 1944: Torpedo Squadron TWENTY flying the TBM-1C Grumman Avenger aboard USS Enterprise CV 6, embarked to the South Pacific for combat with Japan.
September 1, 1944: The Vulture's first combat action involved strikes against shore installations on Chichi Jima in the Bonin Islands.
September 1944: VT-20 Avengers participated in strikes against Palau Islands in preparation for and support of the landings on Peleliu Island.
October 1944: VT-20 participated in strikes against Okinawa, Formosa and Luzon in preparation for and support of the landings on Leyte.
October 15, 1944: Lt. Edward B. Holley, flying a squadron TBM, shot down a Zero, Mitsubishi A6M fighter, over Luzon.
October 24, 1944: VT-20 Vultures participated in the Battle for Leyte Gulf. VT-20's TBM-1Cs flew sorties against a powerful Japanese surface force in the Sibuyan Sea. These attacks contributed to the sinking of the mighty Musashi, one of the two largest battleships in the world. The following squadron Naval Aviators were awarded the Navy Cross for their action against the Japanese task force: Ens. W. T. Ross; Ens. W. J. Schaller; Ens. G. Swint III; LTjg M. Throwbridge; Lt. C. H. H. Dickey; Lt. E. B. Holley; Lt. R. E. McHenry; LCdr. S. L. Prickett.
October 25, 1944: VT-20 Vulture Avengers were part of the Fast Carrier Task Force that attacked the Japanese carrier force in the Battle of Cape Engano. Four Japanese carriers were sunk during this engagement. The following squadron Naval Aviators were awarded the Navy Cross for their action during the Battle of Cape Engano: Ens. T. E. Armour; Ens. J. L. Baxter; Ens. M. H. Krouse; Ens. C. D. Leeper; LTjg P. H. Bradley; LTjg C. F. Schlegel; Lt. J. H. Howell, Jr.; Lt. M. L. Leedom; Lt. E. E. Rodenburg; Lt. R. J. Savage.
November 20, 1944 to February 2, 1945: Torpedo Squadron TWENTY Vultures cross decked from USS Enterprise CV 6, to United States Ship Lexington CV 16, and remained deployed in the South Pacific war.
November 1944: VT-20 participated in strikes against a Japanese troop convoy in Ormoc Bay, Leyte and enemy positions on Luzon.
December 1944: Vulture strikes were flown against Luzon in preparation for the landings at Lingayan Gulf, Luzon.
January 1945: VT-20 aircraft flew strikes against Luzon, Formosa, Hong Kong, Japanese convoys in South China Sea and along coast of French Indochina, and Okinawa.
January 12, 1945: Lt. J. N. Howell, Jr. and LTjg. M. Throwbridge were awarded the Silver Star Medal for their action against a Japanese cruiser that was protecting a convoy off the coast of French Indochina. Their attacks contributed to sinking of the cruiser.
February 2, 1945: Torpedo Squadron TWENTY aboard USS Lexington CV 16, returned to the United States of America from the South Pacific war.
November 15, 1946: VT-20 was redesignated Attack Squadron TEN A (VA-10A).
August 12, 1948: VA-10A redesignated AS Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95).
August 1949: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE assigned the AD-1 Douglas Skyraider
November 30, 1949: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE disestablished.
March 26, 1952: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95) established at Naval Air Station Alameda, California.
April 1952: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE assigned the Skyknights Grumman F6F-5 Hellcat
May 1952: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE assigned the Douglas AD-1 Skyraider
November 9, 1962 to June 14, 1963: VA-95 flying the AD-6/7 Skyraider and aboard USS Ranger CVA 61, cruise to WestPac.
January 1963: The Green Lizards participated in cross deck operations with the British carrier HMS Hermes while operating in the western Pacific.
April 1, 1963: VA-95 based at Naval Air Station Lemoore, California.
May 1963: Following the military losses of Lao neutralists to the Pathet Lao in the Plaine de Jarres, Laos, USS Ranger CVA 61, transited to the South China Sea to support possible operations in Laos.
August 5, 1964 to May 6, 1965: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE flying the A-1H Douglas Skyraider from USS Ranger CVA 61, combat cruise to WestPac/Vietnam.
November 1964 through April 1965: The squadron participated in support for photo-reconnaissance missions and conducted strikes against targets in Laos.
February 7, 1965: Following a Viet Cong attack against the American advisors compound at Pleiku, South Vietnam, the President ordered a reprisal strike against North Vietnam, named Flaming Dart I. The squadron's target was the Vit Thu Lu Barracks. However, the strike turned back due to poor weather conditions.
February 11, 1965: Squadron aircraft participated in Flaming Dart II, retaliatory strikes against the Chanh Hoa military barracks near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam.
March 1965: The squadron participated in Rolling Thunder strikes against the Phu Qui ammunition depot in North Vietnam.
July 1965: VA-95 assigned the Douglas A4D-2N (A-4C) Skyhawk.
April 4, 1966 to November 21, 1966: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE flying the A-4B Douglas Skyhawk from USS Intrepid CVS 11, combat cruise to WestPac/Vietnam. The Intrepid Air Wing CVW-10 was composed only of attack squadrons.
April 10, 1967: LCdr. Walker W. Lambert, 36, was killed Monday night when his A4D Skyhawk (BuNo 145037) crashed in the desert 10 miles east of Fallen, NV. The NAS Alameda based pilot was flying as an observer for a night bombing exercise. Oakland Tribune, Wed., April 12, 1967.
June 14, 1969: Lt. Robert E. Turgeon, Jr., ejected safely and was rescued after he parachuted into the Bay of Naples when his A-4 Skyhawk (BuNo 147739) crashed at sea Saturday after takeoff from the USS John F. Kennedy. The Stars and Stripes, Monday, June 16, 1969. The Skyhawk was lost in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the Isle of Ischia. JFK's Air Wing also conducted a firepower demonstration that day, enlivened by HC-2’s Angel 04 carrying out another rescue, when a Seasprite piloted by Lt(jg) Ronald L. Sitts and Lt(jg) Sokol, with ADJ3 Donald K. Asada and AE1 Lewis as aircrew, expeditiously retrieved Lt. Robert E. Turgeon, Jr., after he had ejected from his A-4C Skyhawk.
September 1969: Following a coup that overthrew the Libyan monarchy USS Kennedy CVA 67, cut short its visit to Cannes, France, and departed for operations in the Ionian Sea. The United States later extended diplomatic recognition to the new Libyan government.
April 1, 1970: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE dis-established.
April 1, 1972: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE (VA-95) established. The squadron was assigned the Grumman A-6A Intruder.
April 1973: The squadron provided support for Operation End Sweep, the clearing of mine fields along the coast of North Vietnam.
April 1975: Squadron aircraft participated in Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of American personnel from Saigon. The squadron provided armed escort flights over the Saigon area for protection of the helos conducting the evacuation.
May 15, 1975: VA-95 participated in the recovery of the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez following its capture by Cambodian gunboats. The Green Lizards flew sorties in support of the Marine landings on Koh Tang Island and retaliatory strikes against Cambodian targets. Squadron Intruders struck the airfield and naval facility at Ream, Cambodia; meanwhile Green Lizard KA-6D aircraft were used to provide tanker support for the combat sorties.
April 18 and 19, 1988: Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE participated in Operation Praying Mantis, retaliatory strikes against Iran after USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG 58) struck an Iranian mine in international waters. Green Lizard Intruders from USS Enterprise CVN 65, struck Iranian Boghammar speedboats, using Rockeye cluster bombs. Green Lizard Intruders sunk one Boghammar and damaged another.
October and November 1990: During the USS Abraham Lincoln's CVN 72, cruise from the East to West Coast via Cape Horn, Attack Squadron NINETY-FIVE participated in joint exercises with the Argentinean, Chilean, and Ecuadorian Armed Forces.
Four plane A-4B formation from the VA-95 Green Lizards, USS Intrepid. The BuNo's are 142679, 142913, 142900 and 142920. Official U.S. Navy photo, PHC Robert Ziesler, USN Ret. Thanks to Gary Verver and Thomas Tye.
VA-95 Green Lizards LCDR R.V. Shea with his new Skyhawk BuNo 142679, AK-513 Naval Aviation News.
17 SEP 1966: Green Lizards Skyhawk BuNo 142905, AK-509, assigned to LT J.C. Kessler parked on the ramp. Unknown via W. Mutza.
1966: VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 142900, AK-506, configured as a tanker, VA-15 Valions A-4B BuNo 142945, AK-305, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 145037, AK-501, VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B BuNo 142783, AK-503, and VA-15 Valions A-4B BuNo 144918, AK-310, all configured with TER's and Mk-8x's aboard the USS Intrepid during the April 1966 - November 1966 cruise. Photo by Sam Taylor.
1966: VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 145037, AK-501, at left launching from the port cat and A-4B BuNo 142905, AK-503, at left being moved into position on the starboard cat of the USS Intrepid during the April 1966 - November 1966 cruise. Photo by Sam Taylor.
1966: VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 142913, AK-508, on the starboard cat of the USS Intrepid during the April 1966 - November 1966 cruise. Photo by Sam Taylor.
1966: USS Intrepid flight deck during the April 1966 - November 1966 cruise. At left VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 142833, AK-50?, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 145037, AK-501, VA-15 Valions A-4B BuNo 144918, AK-310, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 142905, AK-509, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 142900, AK-506, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 144881, AK-304, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 144988, AK-309. At right VA-95 A-4B BuNo 142783, AK-503, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 145059, AK-502, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 144997, AK-308,VA-95 A-4B BuNo 142908, AK-50?, VA-95 A-4B BuNo 142913, AK-508, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 142945, AK-305, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 145057, AK-301, VA-15 A-4B BuNo 145013, AK-300, and VA-15 A-4B BuNo 142868, AK-306. In the middle are VA-165 Boomers (AK-2xx) and VA-176 Thunderbolts (AK-4xx) A-1H/J Skyraiders. The EA-1F Skyraider looks to be VAW-33 #772. Photo by Sam Taylor.
SEP66: VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 145059, AK-504, at deck edge and VA-176 Thunderbolts A-1H Skyraider BuNo 137496, AK-405, (LCdr. W.C. Zimmerman) prepare for launch from the USS Intrepid, CVS-11, September 1966. Official U.S. Navy photo by AN J.A. Bahrs.
1966: VA-95 Green Lizards A-4B Skyhawk BuNo 142913, AK-508, USS Intrepid, Dixie Station, between April and October 1966. Official U.S. Navy photo.
Circa 1966: VA-95 formation, with AK-512 BuNo 142833 in foreground. Burt Springstead.
1967-68: Valion & Green Lizard Skyhawks aboard the Intrepid as she transits the Suez. cw from lower left: VA-15 BuNo 144988, AK-309; VA-95 BuNo 142900, AK-506; VA-15 BuNo 145013, AK-300; VA-15 BuNo 144997, AK-308; and VA-15 BuNo 145001, AK-3xx. "Boom" Powell.
Green Lizard flight line. USN Photograph.
A-4 Skyhawks assigned to this unit: